AIDs : Pakistan seeks WHO help in combating HIV epidemic in Sindh

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By Muhammad Luqman
A joint team of the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) will reach Pakistan’s port city of Karachi in the next two to three days to probe the reasons for HIV epidemic in Southern province of Sindh.
” The team of around 10 experts will go to the affected areas and conduct a “proper investigation” along with local doctors,” Special Assistant to Prime Minister on National Health Services , Dr.Zafar Mirza told a news conference in the capital, Islamabad on Sunday.
Mirza said that he was hopeful that in the coming weeks, they will be able to determine the reasons behind the outbreak.
Pakistan is a considered a low-prevalence country for HIV but this month the news of hundreds of children and adults allegedly infected by an HIV-positive doctor in Sindh’s Larkana district made the headlines. Following this, 56 more suspected cases of HIV were detected in Ratodero.
Special Assistant to Prime Minister said that when he went and saw the situation first hand, he found that the provincial government was trying to control the situation on the basis of its resources and capacity. However, while announcing the visit of an international rapid response team, he said that he had noted that these efforts were insufficient, particularly with regards to the investigation of the outbreak.
“The recent spread of HIV/AIDS among children was either caused by unsafe injections or by a reason that was not yet known,” Dr Mirza said.
He explained that the spread of the disease among children in such a large number could either be because they had received injections through contaminated syringes or they had received blood transfusions. However, he stressed that so many children could not have received blood transfusions and, at the same time, because the affected children were of a young age, other factors that cause the disease could not be given much significance.
Dr Mirza said that the federal government has been working with the provincial government to cooperate on the matter since the start of the HIV outbreak.
He said that medicines were being provided for all adult and child patients of HIV/AIDS and further new medicines were being ordered as the current supply was found to be insufficient due to an abnormally large number of child affectees.
As many as 50,000 screening kits have also been ordered and three treatment centres are being set up in Sindh “so that the work could be done in a more authorised manner”.

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